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Communication & Network Systems


IoT sensors are devices that are connected to the Internet and are used to collect and transmit data about a particular environment or system. They can be used to monitor and control a wide range of physical conditions, such as temperature, humidity, light, pressure, and more. IoT sensors can be connected to a variety of networks, such as LoRa, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, Zigbee, and cellular, and they can be used in a wide range of applications, including smart homes, smart office, smart building, smart cities, industrial automation, and energysaving.


An IoT controller is a device or system that manages and coordinates the actions and data of connected IoT devices. It can be responsible for tasks such as device discovery, network management, and data processing. IoT controllers can be hardware-based or software-based and may be integrated into a larger system or operate as a standalone device. Examples of IoT controllers include smart hubs, gateways, and edge computing devices


An IoT gateway is a device or software application that acts as a bridge between IoT devices or sensors and other systems such as a cloud platform or a local network. It is responsible for collecting, filtering, and forwarding data from the sensors to the appropriate destination, as well as receiving commands from the destination and forwarding them to the appropriate device.